CBD oil is used by many pet owners in the treatment of their dog’s anxiety, pain, and seizures. CBD oil is touted for its long list of medical benefits including anti-inflammatory properties, cardiac benefits, anti-nausea effects, appetite stimulation, and possible anti-cancer benefits (1).
Although there is mounting anecdotal evidence from dog owners suggesting it can help treat certain health conditions, there is very little published research on the use of CBD in dogs.
Best CBD Oil For Dogs
1. Pawesome Hemp Oil
Pawesome hemp oil is our #1 pick and is great for reducing pain and inflammation in your pet. The ingredients are 100% organic and your pet will get 1500mg of hemp oil in each dose.
Pawesome hemp oil also provides a healthy dose of vitamins A and D, which are essential for protecting abasing free radicals and helping with cell renewal. Pawesome is non-GMO and free of artificial ingredients.
2. PB Pets Hemp Oil
PB Pets hemp oil is cruelty-free and vegan and helps to balance your pet’s hormones. You can also give your pet the oil to give their fur a shiny, conditioned look and to reduce skin conditions like redness, irritation, and itching.
This hemp oil also serves as a painkiller and can improve the condition of your pet’s heart. PB Pets Hemp Oil is organic and made in the USA without GMOs or herbicides.
3. FurroLandia Hemp Chews
FurroLandia Hemp Chews are beneficial for treating joint pain in your pet. In addition to the hemp, these chews also contain glucosamine to manage chronic joint issues and minimize collagen reduction. The hyaluronic acid and chondroitin in the supplement are ideal if your dog has joint problems or is suffering from arthritis
These chews are bacon flavored and contain turmeric which reduces inflammation in the body.
4. Kinpur Hemp Oil for Dogs
Kinpur Hemp Oil contains 7000 mg of high-quality hemp which is proven to relieve anxiety and stress in pets.
The oil is also ideal for joint health and healing to help to give your pet more energy and flexibility.
5. Billion Pets Hemp Oil
Billion Pets Hemp Oil is a potent CBD oil for pets that also serves as a multivitamin. The supplement is FDA inspected and GMP certified.
Billion Pets is recommended by vets for dogs because it has antioxidants, vitamins A, D and E. It also contains helpful phytochemicals that contribute to a dog’s wellbeing.
6. Mix Rx Hemp Oil For Dogs
Mix Rx oil is filled with omega-3, 6, and 9 acids which reduce inflammation and pain.
You can give this oil to your dog to treat arthritis and cardiovascular conditions, and calm your dog’s nervous system. If you’ve had issues with your pet biting or excessively chewing or barking, Mix Rx may prove helpful.
7. K2x Busters Hemp Oil
K2x Busters Hemp Oil is a potent oil designed for bigger dogs. The oil contains flavonoids, essential oils, vitamin A, and vitamin D to protect your dog’s immune system. The oil is vegan and doesn’t contain any harmful fillers.
With the concentrated strength of this oil, always consult your vet before giving higher doses of CBD oil to your pet.
8. Logic Remedy Organic Hemp Extract
Logic Remedy Organic Hemp Extract contains a combination of omega-3, 6 and 9 fatty acids and has high-quality hemp oil.
Organic Hemp Extract from Logic Remedy also boosts your dog’s immune system to fight acne and balances sebum production in your pet to give your dog a shiny, soft coat. This hemp extract oil is free of parabens and pesticides. It’s also vegan and non-GMO.
9. Premium Care Calming Treats for Dogs
Premium Care Calming Treats for Dogs are hemp-infused and come in duck flavor. These chews contain several natural ingredients that calm the nervous system such as valerian root, chamomile, and passionflower. The chews also have l-tryptophan and ginger root to aid in digestion and stomach issues.
There are also no added fillers in the chews, allowing you to avoid ingredients such as soy and corn.
10. Pet Pawsitive Hemp Oil
Pet Pawsitive Hemp Oil has a high concentration of vitamin E, which is necessary for the health of a dog’s muscular systems..
Pet Pawsitive Hemp Oil can treat skin conditions your dog may be experiencing, like a dry nose, eczema, shedding, and rashes. If you’re interested in helping the pet community while finding effective treatments for your dog, you’ll be happy to know that 1% of all profits from Pet Pawsitive purchases go to pet shelters.
How We Rank
When choosing the best CBD oil products for dogs, we first focused on the type of hemp contained. For pets, the amount of THC found in a quality oil should be under federal regulations and be as minimal as possible. CBD extracted directly from cannabis plants will have much larger amounts of THC which could prove to be problematic for animals, especially with regular dosing. CBD oil products, like Pet Pawsitive and Mix Rx, are extracted from hemp directly and contain less than 0.3% of THC. Products that contained an excessive amount of THC were immediately eliminated from consideration on our list.
Additionally, all of our top-ranked CBD oil for dogs products, such as PB Pets Oil and Pawesome Hemp Oil, are comprised of full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD extract. While THC is not an ingredient that should be included in better CBD oil products, other cannabinoids occur naturally in full-spectrum hemp and can provide a range of health benefits. Products found to have been extracted using the CO2 methods were also given a higher preference due to the increased bioavailability and content.
Organic CBD oil is less likely to contain toxins or heavy metals. It also usually avoids any unnecessary ingredients, fillers, or sugars that could prove to be harmful to your canine. While we placed a higher preference on products that contained additional ingredients such as vitamin E, glucosamine, or turmeric for specific purposes, we removed products that contained additional sugars or ingredients not found to be beneficial through scientific research.
1. CBD oil may help treat epilepsy in dogs. Preliminary research on the efficacy of CBD in treating epilepsy is promising.
In 2018, the neurologist overseeing the clinical trial at Colorado State University’s Veterinary Teaching Hospital revealed that 89 percent of dogs who received CBD in the trial had a reduction in the frequency of seizures (2).
Sixteen dogs were enrolled in the clinical trial. Nine dogs were treated with CBD (which was confirmed to have 0.3 percent or less of THC); seven dogs in a control group were treated with a placebo.
This is hopeful news as studies show that up to 30 percent of dogs with epilepsy continue to experience seizures even with medication, so an alternative treatment, like CBD, may be the answer (3).
2. CBD oil may help treat osteoarthritis pain in dogs. Osteoarthritis — a progressive, degenerative joint disease — is a common problem in dogs, particularly in seniors and large breeds. Symptoms include loss of joint movement and, in many cases, pain.
In a 2018 study, researchers set out to evaluate the safety and pain-relieving effects of a CBD-based oil in dogs with osteoarthritis (4). Dogs with osteoarthritis receiving an industrial hemp extract high in CBD (2 mg/kg of CBD) were found to be more comfortable and active after treatment.
There appeared to be no observed side effects during and after the month-long duration of the study.
Further long-term studies with larger populations are needed to identify the long-term effects of CBD rich industrial hemp treatment. However, short term studies appear to be positive (5).
3. CBD oil may help treat anxiety in dogs. Just like humans, dogs suffer from anxiety. Dogs typically experience anxiety during stressful situations such as when fireworks go off, during thunderstorms, during social situations involving other animals or humans, or separation anxiety.
Evidence of its effectiveness comes from testimonials of pet owners who note that the substance’s sedating and calming effects appear to help their dogs cope with stressful and anxious situations.
While more research is needed to definitively say CBD can help anxious pets, many veterinarians say CBD is generally safe to use on pets as long it is bought from a reputable source and the correct dose is used.
4. CBD may help improve mobility in dogs. There are many causes of mobility issues in dogs, including joint abnormalities, wear and tear of aging, and degenerative joint disease, or osteoarthritis arthritis.
Activity impairment is a common symptom of osteoarthritis in dogs and includes a reluctance to exercise, a decrease in overall activity, stiffness, lameness, inability to jump, and changes in gait (6).
The results of a study published in Frontiers in Veterinary Science revealed that in addition to helping ease osteoarthritis pain, CBD oil increased the activity level of the dogs tested.
5. CBD may help treat nausea in dogs. Nausea can affect dogs just as much as it can affect humans.
Dogs have the same natural cannabinoid receptors in their brains, nervous systems, and organs as humans do. Known as the endocannabinoid system, these receptors are involved in physiological processes such as appetite, pain-sensation, mood and memory — and regulating the presence and intensity of nausea (7).
Since the discovery of the endocannabinoid system and its receptors, scientists have investigated how modulating the system could be beneficial for managing certain conditions and symptoms, including nausea.
The studies that have been done indicate that supplementing with plant-derived cannabinoids like CBD can help to suppress nausea symptoms.
While most scientific testing has focused on the positive effects of CBD oil in humans with nausea, researchers are hopeful that these results translate to dogs.
6. CBD may help treat dogs with cancer. CBD oil alone is not a cure for canine cancer, but researchers are hopeful that natural supplements like cannabidiol can be an auxiliary medication to treat the disease and its side effects.
While CBD studies have not been specifically performed in dogs, some mice and rat studies show promising anti-tumor and tumor-shrinking effects.
Whether or not these results translate to dogs is unknown. It is the hope of veterinarians that future research will support the notion that CBD oil may benefit canine cancer patients.
1. CBD oil may cause dry mouth. Research has shown that CBD can decrease the production of saliva. For dogs, this would cause increased thirst.
2. CBD oil may lower blood pressure. High doses of CBD have been known to cause a temporary drop in blood pressure.
3. CBD oil may cause drowsiness. While many dog owners swear by CBD oil’s ability to treat their dog’s anxiety, the calming effect of CBD can also cause slight drowsiness, especially when higher doses are used.
4. CBD may affect the metabolism of other medications. One major concern is that CBD is believed to be metabolized in the liver. As a result, it can slow down or potentially increase the metabolism of other medications and interfere with the medication that dogs are already taking.
5. Poor quality CBD products may contain unlisted ingredients. The CBD market is not well regulated yet. This results in CBD products containing ingredients that are not listed on their labels — including THC, which is known to be toxic to dogs.
According to the American Kennel Club, any medication or supplement carries the risk of a reaction (8).
These products have yet not been thoroughly evaluated for dosage effectiveness and safety; therefore, individuals should talk with their veterinarian about appropriate dosing for their pet.
If a veterinarian suggests the use of CBD oil, he or she will likely advise pet owners to start out with a small dose — usually, 0.2 mg/kg twice daily and work up to 0.5 mg/kg or higher twice daily. The effectiveness of the dose should be closely monitored.
Pet owners should always consult with a veterinarian before starting their dog on a new supplement, especially if their pet is already taking prescription medications.
What is CBD oil for dogs? CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is the second most prevalent of the active components of cannabis (marijuana). Preliminary evidence suggests that CBD oil can treat epilepsy and osteoarthritis in dogs; anecdotal evidence suggests it can treat anxiety, inflammation, nausea and a range of other ailments. While CBD is a compound found in marijuana (one of hundreds of compounds in the plant), it does not cause a “high.”
How is CBD oil made? CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant, then diluting it with a carrier oil like coconut or hemp seed oil.
How does CBD affect dogs? Currently, there has been no formal study on how CBD affects dogs. What scientists do know is that cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid receptors located in the central and peripheral nervous systems, which help maintain balance in the body and keep it in a normal healthy state.
Whether CBD interacts with it in the same way experts think it does in humans remains to be seen.
Can veterinarians legally recommend CBD oil to their clients? According to the American Veterinary Medical Association, “under current federal and state law, veterinarians may not administer, dispense, prescribe or recommend cannabis or its products for animals.”
CBD remains categorized by the Drug Enforcement Administration as a Schedule 1 controlled substance. Laws are changing rapidly, so this may change in some areas of the country. On January 1, 2019, California became the first state to officially pass a law that allows veterinarians to finally discuss cannabis with their clients.
The keyword here is “discuss.” According to the California Veterinary Board, this legislation only protects veterinarians from disciplinary action for talking about CBD oil with pet owners. It does not limit penalties for administering, advertising, selling, or having any paid affiliation with a company (9).
How do I choose the best CBD oil for my dog? Not all oils are the same; you will want to select a high-quality CBD oil to have a better chance of it working. Keep the following in mind when shopping: Is it organic? High-quality CBD oils are made from organically grown hemp that is free of toxins.
How is it processed? Safe methods include carbon dioxide and cold press extraction. Some companies, however, use cheap methods and potentially toxic solvents, like propane, hexane, and butane, to extract components from the plant.
Is it independently tested? Look for companies that independently test their products and provide a certificate of analysis (COA). A COA is issued when an independent lab tests the product to confirm its ingredients and potency, among other things.
What is the THC level? Check every product for its THC potency. Some products contain higher levels of THC, which could be harmful to your pet. Look for products with less than 0.3 percent THC.
Legally, CBD products must contain no more than 0.3 percent THC, which should be safe for animals. Whenever possible, stick to CBD pet care products that contain 0.0 percent.
Where can CBD oil for dogs be bought? Because veterinarians are not allowed to prescribe, dispense or administer cannabis or cannabis products to an animal patient, pet owners have to do their own research on where to buy CBD oil. Oils are primarily available online. Be sure to look for companies that independently test their products and provide a COA.
Independent testing is not required. Therefore, a COA shows that the manufacturer is confident to demonstrate how their product performed on tests checking for CBD and THC levels, and the presence of contaminants.
How much CBD oil should be given to dogs? Vets and experts urge pet owners to use caution when giving CBD to their dogs, mainly because there have not been enough scientific studies to prove its efficacy or safe dosage level. Vets who recommend usage will likely suggest starting with a low dosage and slowly increasing the dosage if needed.
How do you administer CBD oil for dogs? There are several methods, including squeezing it directly into your dog’s mouth using the dropper that comes with the product. If you choose this method, it helps to give your dog his favorite treat immediately afterward to ensure he swallows the dose of oil.
CBD oil can also be put on a treat or mixed into wet dog food.
Is CBD oil safe for dogs? Preliminary studies have shown it to be safe. As long as the oil is of high quality, the only known side effects are mild and include drowsiness if the dosing is too high.
Available scientific data on the side effects of CBD usage for dogs is sparse, so veterinarians cannot say for certain whether it is safe or not, especially with long-term use. The FDA has not approved CBD products for use in animals, therefore, researchers do not know what size dosage would be toxic. The American Kennel Club stresses that any medication or supplement carries the risk of a reaction with other medications.
What strength of CBD oil is safe for dogs? Until further studies and trials are performed, there are no clear medical guidelines on the safest strength. Some experts recommend beginning a dog’s treatment with the lowest amount possible — about 0.05 mg/kg/day. Monitor your pet for negative side effects such as excessive sedation, disorientation, excitement, vomiting, etc. If you do not see any side effects, you can gradually increase the dose every 5 days or so until the desired effect is seen.
Keep increases to no larger than .05ml/mg a week (10).
What is the difference between CBD oil for dogs and humans? While there is technically no difference between high quality, organic CBD oil for dogs and humans, it is recommended to give your dog a pet-specific version of CBD oil.
Many human oils are concentrated, so dosing becomes an issue, especially for small pets. Using pet-specific products lets you know that the concentration is appropriate for your dog.
Some human products could have other ingredients such as grapeseed oil or xylitol that could be toxic to animals. CBD is not currently regulated by the FDA, so there may be safety issues if products are inaccurately labeled. Another difference is pet-specific products are sometimes flavored to make them more appealing to dogs.
What do vets think of CBD oil for dogs? Veterinarians are cautiously optimistic about the benefits of CBD oil use in dogs. While CBD has been shown to anecdotally help with some issues like pain and anxiety, there are too few studies available to conclusively say it will help. While some pet owners swear by CBD oil, veterinarians are careful about touting CBD’s abilities until more studies are done. Without adequate studies, many questions are left unanswered: Does it work? Is it safe? What is the proper dosage? What are the long-term effects of use?
Do you need a prescription for CBD oil for dogs? No, a prescription from a veterinarian is not required.
In fact, veterinarians are not legally allowed to prescribe CBD to their veterinary clients because on the federal level, CBD remains categorized by the Drug Enforcement Administration as a Schedule 1 controlled substance.
However, it is advised that you ask your dog’s veterinarian first before using it on your furry family member.
How long does it take for CBD oil to start working in dogs? It depends. Dogs respond differently to CBD oil, and finding an effective therapeutic dose can take some trial and error. Dosing is not an exact science, so adjustments may have to be made until positive effects are seen.
It also depends on what condition you are trying to treat, as well as how the oil is administered — directly into the mouth or in a treat or food. For anxiety problems, you should see a change anywhere from 15 minutes up to 60 minutes. For chronic issues such as mobility problems, it may take 2 to 4 weeks for optimal results.
Can my dog get high from CBD oil? No. CBD is a compound found in cannabis and hemp. In most cases, CBD does not contain delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the compound that gives marijuana its psychoactive properties.
As long as the product contains little or no THC, then your dog is not going to get high.
Can my dog overdose on CBD oil? Although CBD oil is generally believed to be safe, and it appears unlikely that your dog can overdose, you should still be extremely careful not to administer too much. Unlike THC, the toxicity of CBD appears negligible. Even so, you should always start slow when introducing any new supplement to your dog’s diet.
Does CBD oil interact with other medications? Any medication or supplement carries the risk of a reaction. CBD is believed to be metabolized in the liver. As a result, it can slow down or potentially increase the metabolism of other medications and interfere with the medications that dogs are already taking.
What medications can CBD interact with? Some of the most common drugs include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), steroids (like Prednisone and Fludrocortisone), antihistamines, Benzodiazepines (like anxiolytics and anticonvulsants) and some antibiotics.
What’s the difference between CBD and cannabis? Cannabis is an umbrella term for marijuana or hemp. Cannabis plants contain hundreds of different compounds. The primary components are the active cannabinoids in the plant, known as phytocannabinoids. CBD is a single phytocannabinoid found within cannabis plants. The other is THC. Unlike THC, CBD is not psychoactive.
What is the difference between CBD and THC? THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol) are two natural compounds found in plants of the Cannabis genus.
Despite their similar chemical structures, CBD and THC do not have the same psychoactive effects. THC, which primarily comes from marijuana, is thought to be the most psychoactive substance (i.e., a substance that changes brain function and alters perception, mood, consciousness or behavior) in cannabis. CBD, which is mostly derived from the related plant hemp, is the major non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis.
What is the difference between hemp and marijuana? Hemp and marijuana are different varieties of the Cannabis sativa species. Hemp plants contain no more than 0.3 percent (by dry weight) of THC, the psychoactive substance found in marijuana. By comparison, marijuana typically contains 5 to 20 percent THC.
Is it legal to give my dog CBD oil? Yes, CBD oil is legal in all 50 states and you can find it in local health shops or online. Several pet retailers are also starting to carrying CBD for dogs in their stores and on their websites.
Anecdotal evidence from dog owners suggests that CBD oil can treat pain, anxiety, inflammation, stomach issues, poor appetite and other conditions in their pets. Veterinarians warn, however, that scientific evidence supporting the use of CBD oil for the treatment of pet ailments is lacking.
Future controlled clinical studies are needed to answers questions like: Is CBD effective? What is the amount or dose to recommend for canine patients? How is it absorbed in the body? What effect does it have on things like metabolism?
Pet owners should consult with their veterinarian to determine if CBD products are right for their pet, and what the proper dosage should be. This is especially important for pets who take other medications.
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